Not a MyNAP member yet. Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Over the past decade, data science has emerged out of a variety of widespread developments as discussed in Chapter 1 , and companies, academic institutions, and governments are striving to hire data scientists while transforming their practices BHEF and PwC, ; Ernst and Young, There are many instances of academic data science. Developers and users draw from computing, mathematics, statistics, and other fields and application domains. Educators and administrators are beginning to reimagine course content, delivery, and enrollment at the undergraduate level to best prepare students to operate in this new discipline.