Common Drugs And Their Uses Pdf

common drugs and their uses pdf

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Have you ever wondered how aspirin is made? Or which plants will slow down your heart rate?

A drug is any substance that causes a change in an organism's physiology or psychology when consumed. Consumption of drugs can be via inhalation , injection , smoking , ingestion , absorption via a patch on the skin, suppository , or dissolution under the tongue.

5 Drugs Derived From Plants

There are numerous drugs used in urology , the medical specialty which deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract as well as the male reproductive system. The drugs can be broken down by their mechanism of action and the biological function they target. The most commonly prescribed classes of drugs in urology include:. The drugs can be used on their own or in combination therapy.

Some pharmaceutical companies have also created two-in-one drugs like Duodart which combines an alpha-blocker with a 5-alpha inhibitor. Alpha blockers, also called alpha-adrenergic antagonists, are used in urology to treat the non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH.

They do so by preventing the hormone norepinephrine from constricting certain smooth muscles and blood vessels. By doing so, the drug can improve urinary flow in older men with prostate problems. Alpha blockers currently approved for the treatment of BPH include:.

Some alpha blockers are available in short- and long-acting formulations. The short-acting drugs work quickly, but their effects only last a few hours. Long-acting versions may take longer to work, but their effects last longer. The choice of formulation is largely dependent on the severity of the BPH. Broadly speaking, alpha blockers may cause dizziness, headaches, postural hypotension low blood pressure when you stand , or retrograde ejaculation a condition where semen is ejaculated into the bladder.

As a drug class, 5-alpha inhibitors may cause the loss of libido, impotence, or retrograde ejaculation. Anticholinergic drugs work blocking the action of a chemical neurotransmitter, known as acetylcholine, which sends signals to the brain that trigger abnormal bladder contractions. Among the anticholinergics currently approved for the treatment of overactive bladder are:. Anticholinergics may cause dry mouth, constipation, blurred vision, and rapid heartbeat tachycardia.

To find a qualified urologist near you, contact your insurance company for a list of approved providers or ask your primary care physician for a referral. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles.

Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Hanno, P. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Saunders. ISBN Related Articles. How to Use Testosterone Enanthate Safely. An Overview of Prostatitis. The Science of Male Orgasms. Causes of Frequent Urination at Night. Solutions for Men With Overactive Bladders. The Health Benefits of Pygeum. Tests Used to Diagnose an Enlarged Prostate. Saw Palmetto for Prostate Health?

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3.1 Classifying drugs by their effect on the central nervous system

Any substance or pharmaceutical product for human or veterinary use that is intended to modify or explore physiological systems or pathological states for the benefit of the recipient is termed as drug WHO. An Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient API is the chemical substance contained in a pharmaceutical, which is responsible for its therapeutic effect. Some pharmaceuticals contain more than one active ingredient combination product. Medicines are usually available under two names: a generic name and a brand name. Generic medicines are unbranded medicines which are equally safe and having the same efficacy as that of branded medicines in terms of their therapeutic value. The prices of generic medicines are much cheaper than their branded equivalent.

The resources below have been provided to help narrow your search to specific, targeted drug information. Information is available for both consumers and healthcare professionals on over 24, prescription and over the counter medicines available primarily in the USA. Multum leaflets provide basic consumer drug information, such as drug descriptions and interactions, details of possible side effects and the effects of missed doses and overdosing, as well as instructions for use. The leaflets are available in English and Spanish. IBM Watson Micromedex Advanced Consumer Information provides comprehensive consumer information pertaining to a wide variety of drugs, such as a list of commonly used brand names, drug descriptions, warnings and precautions, and detailed information on the proper use of each drug.

Drug Index A to Z

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There are numerous drugs used in urology , the medical specialty which deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract as well as the male reproductive system. The drugs can be broken down by their mechanism of action and the biological function they target. The most commonly prescribed classes of drugs in urology include:. The drugs can be used on their own or in combination therapy. Some pharmaceutical companies have also created two-in-one drugs like Duodart which combines an alpha-blocker with a 5-alpha inhibitor.

Drug Index A to Z

Drugs Commonly Used in Urology

Drugs are chemical substances that can change how your body and mind work. They include prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines , alcohol , tobacco , and illegal drugs. Drug use is dangerous. It can harm your brain and body, sometimes permanently. It can hurt the people around you, including friends, families, kids, and unborn babies. Drug use can also lead to addiction. Drug addiction is a chronic brain disease.

If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Please consult the latest official manual style if you have any questions regarding the format accuracy. Antiemetic Prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting. Blood Dyscrasias Disorders of the cellular elements of the blood.

Get free kidney-friendly recipe collections from DaVita dietitians. Find important updates here. People with kidney disease who actively participate in their medical care and understand their medicines usually come out ahead when it comes to feeling their best.

Drug nomenclature is the systematic naming of drugs , especially pharmaceutical drugs. In the majority of circumstances, drugs have 3 types of names: chemical names , the most important of which is the IUPAC name ; generic or nonproprietary names , the most important of which are the International Nonproprietary Names INNs ; and trade names, which are brand names. Drug names are often subject to legal regulation, including approval for new drugs to avoid confusion with existing drugs and on packaging to establish clear rules about adulterants and fraudulent or misleading labeling. A national formulary [1] is often designated to define drug names and purity standards for regulatory purposes. The legally approved names in various countries include:.

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Дверца за ним захлопнулась. Беккер спустился вниз, постоял, глядя на самолет, потом опустил глаза на пачку денег в руке.

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Adding a suffix to the end of a word root, creates a noun or adjective with a different meaning. Page Meanings of certain suffixes al = pertaining to dent/al​.

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