Democracy And Development In Africa By Claude Ake Pdf

democracy and development in africa by claude ake pdf

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The Feasibility of Democracy in Africa

Ake pronounced AH-kay was considered "one of Africa's foremost political philosophers. He was professor of political economy and dean of the University of Port Harcourt's Faculty of Social Sciences for some years in the s and s after having taught at Columbia University , where he earned his Ph. At Yale, he taught two political science courses—one, called State in Africa, which was for undergraduates and graduate students, and another for undergraduates, about aspects of development and the state in Africa. He wrote in , in an essay [6] on the African state: "Power is everything, and those who control the coercive resources use it freely to promote their interests. His concern was primarily with the average African and how to improve the nature of his conditions. David E.

Claude Ake

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Claude Ake was a leading African political scientist and activist born in Nigeria whose highly significant and influential work on African political economy spanned over twenty years. His views on democracy, development, and rights widely influenced the development of social science in Africa as it is today. Ake critiqued the theory of development arguing that oppressed persons require a social science that fosters self-determination. He saw Western conceptions of social science as bearing capitalist structures which are themselves developmentally restrictive. He suggested a dialectical materialist method as a more adequate approach for evaluating African political economy, identifying disarticulation and monetization as critical concepts Skip to main content Skip to table of contents.

Democracy and Development in Africa

Despite three decades of preoccupation with development in Africa, the economies of most African nations are still stagnating or regressing. For most Africans, incomes are lower than they were two decades ago, health prospects are poorer, malnourishment is widespread, and infrastructures and social institutions are breaking down. An array of factors have been offered to explain the apparent failure of development in Africa, including the colonial legacy, social pluralism, corruption, poor planning and incompetent management, limited in-flow of foreign capital, and low levels of saving and investment. Alone or in combination, these factors are serious impediments to development, but Claude Ake contends that the problem is not that development has failed, but that it was never really on the agenda. He maintains that political conditions in Africa are the greatest impediment to development.

Rethinking African Democracy Claude Ake bio Issues of democratization and human rights are increasingly dominating the world's interest in Africa, overcoming a legacy of indifference to the fate of democracy on the continent. This legacy has its roots in the colonial era, when political discourse excluded not only democracy but even the idea of good government, and politics was reduced to the clash of one exclusive claim to power against another. This attitude persisted even after Africa gained political independence. By deciding to take over the colonial system instead of transforming it in accord with popular nationalist aspirations, most African leaders found themselves on a collision course with their people.

Ake, Claude

The feasibility of democracy in Africa

These two works review Africa's lackluster record of economic and political development in recent decades and focus on the inability of standard theories adequately to explain, predict, or prevent Africa's current development crisis. Having discarded the modernization theories of the s and the neo-Marxist and neoliberal paradigms of the s and s, Africans and Africanists now find themselves peering into a theoretical and ideological void. This has inspired a logical impulse toward stocktaking, and the collection of 23 pieces edited by Himmelstrand, Kinyanjui, and Mburugu surveys a wide range of economic and political debates in light of the familiar paradigms in order to show how imperfectly, if at all, theory has illuminated reality.

Springer Professional. Back to the search result list. Table of Contents. Hint Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book Close hint. Abstract This chapter focuses on the political economy of Claude Ake, particularly his theoretical matrix, its evolution from sheer liberalism and transformation to radical political economy—a neo-Marxian analysis of the post-colonial state in Africa—to underline its exploitative character and relations of domination while projecting democratic and popular alternatives. Simultaneously, it examines his political thoughts and the insight he offers into the understanding of the state, politics and economy in sub-Saharan Africa and Nigeria in particular. Some of his key works are succinctly reviewed to underscore this point.

growth, which may in turn be transformed into development. In one of the early studies of 'democracy and development in Africa', Ake ().


Wendell F.


Issues dealt with in this study of democracy in Africa, include underdevelopment and economic marginality, ethnic consciousness and the nature of political power in Africa.

Umberto S.


LAPAI JOURNAL OF CENTRAL NIGERIA HISTORY. Book Review. Title: Democracy and Development in Africa. Author: Claude Ake.



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