Advantages And Disadvantages Of Federal Government Pdf

advantages and disadvantages of federal government pdf

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Federalism is a political system that believes each state under a central government can have its own laws and customs while still sharing unified laws, customs, and currency. The central or federal government and regional governments provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments share the governing power.

What Is a Unitary State?

The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U. Several positive and negative attributes of federalism have manifested themselves in the U. Among the merits of federalism are that it promotes policy innovation and political participation and accommodates diversity of opinion.

What Brandeis meant was that states could harness their constitutional authority to engage in policy innovations that might eventually be diffused to other states and at the national level. For example, a number of New Deal breakthroughs, such as child labor laws, were inspired by state policies.

Prior to the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment , several states had already granted women the right to vote. California has led the way in establishing standards for fuel emissions and other environmental policies.

Recently, the health insurance exchanges run by Connecticut, Kentucky, Rhode Island, and Washington have served as models for other states seeking to improve the performance of their exchanges. Figure 1. The federal Environmental Protection Agency has adopted California emissions standards nationally, starting with the model year, and is working with California regulators to establish stricter national emissions standards going forward.

Nissinen; credit b: modification of work by Marcin Wichary. Another advantage of federalism is that because our federal system creates two levels of government with the capacity to take action, failure to attain a desired policy goal at one level can be offset by successfully securing the support of elected representatives at another level.

Thus, individuals, groups, and social movements are encouraged to actively participate and help shape public policy. Thinking of running for elected office? Well, you have several options. Elected representatives in municipal and township governments account for a little more than half the total number of elected officials in the United States.

Political careers rarely start at the national level. In fact, a very small share of politicians at the subnational level transition to the national stage as representatives, senators, vice presidents, or presidents. If you are interested in serving the public as an elected official, there are more opportunities to do so at the local and state levels than at the national level.

As an added incentive for setting your sights at the subnational stage, consider the following. Whereas only 28 percent of U. If you ran for public office, what problems would you most want to solve? What level of government would best enable you to solve them, and why? The system of checks and balances in our political system often prevents the federal government from imposing uniform policies across the country.

As a result, states and local communities have the latitude to address policy issues based on the specific needs and interests of their citizens. The diversity of public viewpoints across states is manifested by differences in the way states handle access to abortion, distribution of alcohol, gun control, and social welfare benefits, for example. Federalism also comes with drawbacks. Chief among them are economic disparities across states, race-to-the-bottom dynamics i.

Stark economic differences across states have a profound effect on the well-being of citizens. There are also huge disparities in school funding across states. Furthermore, health-care access, costs, and quality vary greatly across states. Proponents of social justice contend that federalism has tended to obstruct national efforts to effectively even out these disparities. The National Education Association discusses the problem of inequality in the educational system of the United States.

Read its proposed solution and decide whether you agree. The economic strategy of using race-to-the-bottom tactics in order to compete with other states in attracting new business growth also carries a social cost. The federal design of our Constitution and the system of checks and balances has jeopardized or outright blocked federal responses to important national issues. No longer are the nine states with histories of racial discrimination in their voting processes required to submit plans for changes to the federal government for approval.

The benefits of federalism are that it can encourage political participation, give states an incentive to engage in policy innovation, and accommodate diverse viewpoints across the country. The disadvantages are that it can set off a race to the bottom among states, cause cross-state economic and social disparities, and obstruct federal efforts to address national problems.

Federalism can trigger a race to the bottom, leading states to reduce workplace regulations and social benefits for employees; it can obstruct federal efforts to address national problems; and it can deepen economic and social disparities among states. Beer, Samuel H. Berry, Christopher R. New York: Cambridge University Press. Derthick, Martha, ed. Diamond, Martin. The Founding of the American Democratic Republic. Elazar, Daniel J. Harlow, Essex: Longman Current Affairs.

Grodzins, Morton. New York: Pearson Longman, 74— LaCroix, Alison. The Ideological Origins of American Federalism. Orren, Karen, and Stephen Skowronek. The Search for American Political Development. Christensen, eds. Peterson, Paul E. The Price of Federalism. Watts, Ronald L. Comparing Federal Systems. Skip to main content. Search for:. Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Discuss the advantages of federalism Explain the disadvantages of federalism.

Federalism and Political Office Thinking of running for elected office? This table lists the number of elected bodies and elected officials at the federal, state, and local levels. Senate U. House of Representatives State Government 50 State legislatures 7, Statewide offices 1, State boards 1, Local Government County governments 3, 58, Municipal governments 19, , Town governments 16, , School districts 13, 95, Special districts 35, 84, Total 87, , If you are interested in serving the public as an elected official, there are more opportunities to do so at the local and state levels than at the national level.

Describe the disadvantages of federalism. Describe the primary differences in the role of citizens in government among the federal, confederation, and unitary systems. How have the political and economic relationships between the states and federal government evolved since the early s?

Discuss how the federal government shapes the actions of state and local governments. What are the merits and drawbacks of American federalism?

What do you see as the upcoming challenges to federalism in the next decade? Choose an issue and outline how the states and the federal government could respond.

Show Selected Answer 2. Show References Beer, Samuel H. New State Ice Co. Liebmann , U. Becoming a Candidate. Unemployment Insurance is in Financial Trouble," February. Sebelius , U. Holder , U. Licenses and Attributions. CC licensed content, Shared previously.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Federalism

The definition of federalism is straightforward: it is the federal principle or system of government. Most of the democratic countries in the world today use this method of governing, including Australia, Canada, India, and the United States. The exact structures of each system can vary widely based on how the country sets up its governing process. In the EU, the members of the upper houses in the government are not elected or appointed, but they serve as delegates of their respective governments. For the United States, there are local, country, and state governing authorities which all have a unique set of laws and regulations for people to follow.

What this means is that there is a federal government who is above all others, and smaller, more localized forms of governments that take control of local and.


Worldwide interest in federalism is probably stronger today than at any other time in human history. With the move of South Africa toward a federal structure, all the world's physically large countries are now federations, except for China—and even that country has become a de facto federation by devolving more and more autonomy to the provinces. And you can see the same trend in countries that are not so big.

When it comes to the system of federalism that we practice in the United States, there are many advantages as well as disadvantages. Some of the pros and cons of federalism will be given, with reasons as to why it is believed that the benefits of federalism outweight its detriments. What are the advantages and disadvantages of federalism, as a form of government, and do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U. Several positive and negative attributes of federalism have manifested themselves in the U. Among the merits of federalism are that it promotes policy innovation and political participation and accommodates diversity of opinion.

You have some vaunted examples to emulate in the Erie Canal and the Transcontinental Railroad, two public-private partnerships that arguably changed the course of American history. Your may be content to simply change the course of your business, and your timing couldn't be better, according to Onvia, a U.


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