File Name: cranial nerves anatomy and clinical comments .zip
Clinical Anatomy of the Cranial Nerves
Clinical Anatomy of the Cranial Nerves combines anatomical knowledge, pathology, clinical examination, and explanation of clinical findings, drawing together material typically scattered throughout anatomical textbooks. All of the pertinent anatomical topics are conveniently organized to instruct on anatomy, but also on how to examine the functioning of this anatomy in the patient. Providing a clear and succinct presentation of the underlying anatomy, with directly related applications of the anatomy to clinical examination, the book also provides unique images of anatomical structures of plastinated cadaveric dissections. These images are the only ones that exist in this form, and have been professionally produced in the Laboratory of Human Anatomy, University of Glasgow under the auspices of the author. These specimens offer a novel way of visualizing the cranial nerves and related important anatomical structures. The cohort for this book would be for those involved in the neurological fields.
Diffusion imaging tractography caught the attention of the scientific community by describing the white matter architecture in vivo and noninvasively, but its application to small structures such as cranial nerves remains difficult. The few attempts to track cranial nerves presented highly variable acquisition and tracking settings. To conduct and present a targeted review collecting all technical details and pointing out challenges and solutions in cranial nerve tractography. We selected studies that reported how to perform the tractography of cranial nerves, and extracted the following: clinical context; imaging acquisition settings; tractography parameters; regions of interest ROIs design; and filtering methods. Twenty-one published articles were included.
Jennifer L. J Athl Train 1 July ; 45 4 : — To present the case of a National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I men's lacrosse athlete with fourth cranial nerve injury as the result of a minor traumatic blow. The athlete was struck on the right side of his head during a lacrosse game. On-field evaluation revealed no cervical spine involvement or loss of consciousness.
The trigeminal nerve the fifth cranial nerve , or simply CN V is a nerve responsible for sensation in the face and motor functions such as biting and chewing; it is the most complex of the cranial nerves. The ophthalmic and maxillary nerves are purely sensory, whereas the mandibular nerve supplies motor as well as sensory or "cutaneous" functions. The motor division of the trigeminal nerve derives from the basal plate of the embryonic pons , and the sensory division originates in the cranial neural crest. Sensory information from the face and body is processed by parallel pathways in the central nervous system. The three major branches of the trigeminal nerve—the ophthalmic nerve V 1 , the maxillary nerve V 2 and the mandibular nerve V 3 —converge on the trigeminal ganglion also called the semilunar ganglion or gasserian ganglion , located within Meckel's cave and containing the cell bodies of incoming sensory-nerve fibers.
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Все было очень просто: подойдя к жертве вплотную, нужно низко держать револьвер, чтобы никто не заметил, сделать два выстрела в спину, Беккер начнет падать, Халохот подхватит его и оттащит к скамье, как друга, которому вдруг стало плохо. Затем он быстро побежит в заднюю часть собора, словно бы за помощью, и в возникшей неразберихе исчезнет прежде, чем люди поймут, что произошло. Пять человек.