Fundamentals Of Interface And Colloid Science Pdf

fundamentals of interface and colloid science pdf

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Application to electrophoresis and experimental verification. Appendix 1: Survey of adsorption isotherms and two-dimensional equations of state for homogeneous, nonporous surfaces. Monolayer regime.

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Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science: Solid-Liquid Interfaces

Application to electrophoresis and experimental verification. Appendix 1: Survey of adsorption isotherms and two-dimensional equations of state for homogeneous, nonporous surfaces. Monolayer regime. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.

The first is that interface and colloid science is an important and fascinating, though often undervalued, branch of science. It has applications and ramifications in domains as disparate as agriculture, mineral dressing, oil recovery, chemical industry, biotechnology, medical science and many more provinces of the living and non-living world.

The second observation is that proper application and integration of interface and colloid science requires, besides factual knowledge, insight into the many basic laws of physics and chemistry upon which it rests. In the third place, most textbooks of physics and chemistry pay only limited attention to interface and colloid science. Between these observations the conflict looms that it is an almost impossible task to master not only some specific domain of application but also interface and colloid science itself, including its foundations.

The problem is aggravated by the fact that interface and colloid science has a very wide scope: it uses parts of classical, irreversible and statistical thermodynamics, optics, rheology, electrochemistry and other branches of science.

Nobody can be expected to command all of this simultaneously. The prime goal of FICS is to meet these demands systematically, treating the most important interfacial and colloidal phenomena starting from basic principles of physics and chemistry, whereby these principles are first reviewed.

In doing so, it will become clear that common roots often underlie seemingly different phenomena, which is helpful in identifying and recognizing them.

Given these objectives, a deductive approach is indicated. The chosen deductive set-up serves two objectives: the book is not only intended to become a standard reference book, but hopefully parts will be suitable as a textbook for systematic study, either as a self-study guide or as a reference for courses.

In view of these objectives, a certain style is more or less defined and some characteristic style elements are the following:. Since many researchers are not immediately familiar with these principles and as more than one principle may determine a phenomenon met in practice, an extensive and detailed subject index is provided, which in some places has double or triple entries.

For factual information, references are made to the literature, in particular to reviews and books. The philosophy is that experimental observations which illustrate or enforce specific principles are emphasized, rather than given for their own sake. This also implies a certain preference for illustrations with model systems. To that end, specialized techniques that are sometimes particularly suited in solving certain types of problems will be introduced when needed, mostly in the appendices to Volume I.

However, the reader is assumed to be familiar with elementary calculus. In turn, for the later volumes the physical chemistry of Volume I is the starting point. In view of the importance of interfacial and colloid science for biology, medicine, pharmacy, agriculture, etc.

Dry subjects such as aerosols and solid state physics will be given less attention. Experimental techniques will not be described in great detail except where these techniques have a typical interfacial or colloidal nature. Considering all these features.

FICS is typically a book containing parts that can also be found in more detail in other books but rarely in the present context. Moreover, it stands out by integrating these parts. It is hoped that through this integration many workers will experience the relevance and beauty of interface and colloid science and become fascinated by it.

Having laid down the physico-chemical basis of interface and colloid science in Volume I, we can now make a start with the systematic treatment. Solid-gas and, in particular, solid-liquid interfaces are selected as the first topics. In Volume III, dealing with fluid-fluid interfaces, this restriction will be relaxed. In line with the general set-up of FICS, attempts are made to keep the treatment systematic and deductive. The wish to give the work the nature of both a reference and a textbook is reflected in being comprehensive as far as the fundamentals are concerned and giving the treatment a certain didactic flavour.

Completeness always remains a matter of dispute, but it is hoped that many readers will find the information they are looking for, especially regarding basic issues and main principles. No attempts are made to give the book encyclopaedic character as far as the facts are concerned: exceptions are selected data collections, as in appendix 3.

Experiments are included on the basis of their power to illustrate certain points; there may be some arbitrariness in the choice. The trend is to shun complex, multivariable systems because for such systems basic features might easily be obscured. The level is about the same as that of modern journals dealing with the subject.

Readers without the required background can hopefully find much of the required information in FICS, going back to earlier chapters or to Volume I where needed. To facilitate this process, extensive back-referencing has been applied, although where appropriate, at the beginning of each chapter the relevant background in Volume I is briefly reviewed, so that the present Volume stands on its own.

For the more specialized backgrounds, reference is made to the literature. In a number of instances a decision had to be taken as to what to call fundamentals and what advanced. In the case of electric double layers, this decision related to the classical Gouy-Stern theory versus modern statistical theories. For pragmatic reasons we decided to emphasize the former: the equations are simple and analytical, and can account for the great majority of situations met in practice.

However, a section is included to give an impression of more a priori statistical approaches. Here, it was felt that the former did not give enough coverage. In this case the decision was made to treat the subject matter in three stages: first the HS-type cases, then models including polarization and finally models including both polarization and stagnant layer conduction. Although it is beyond the scope of FICS to give all the relevant mathematics in detail, the basic electrokinetic equations are given and explained.

In this way it is hoped that readers having different levels of interest might all find this chapter useful. However, the scope of FICS leads to a number of clashes that forced us to deviate from these rules now and then. For example, we prefer F for Helmholtz energy instead of A because of the interference with A for area.

We decided not to change this unfortunate, though commonly encountered, situation, but where necessary, added appropriate warnings. As for the spelling of names, we prefer that of the country of origin.

However, for phenomena or laws, capitals are used Van der Waals equation. For Slavic names, originally written in the Cyrillic alphabet, we adhere to the Chemical Abstracts transcription. However, many Slavic authors have their names transcribed differently in different languages, and as literature citations should be verbatim, some inconsistency is unavoidable.

Where appropriate, identifications are made Deryaguin, Derjagin, Derjaguin, etc. In a systematic text the size of FICS, numerous cross-references are unavoidable. To facilitate consultations of previous information, in Volume II we have repeated the numbers referring to subsection headings 6.

References to Volume I are preceded by I. Although I have written the entire text, except chapter 5, myself, and remain ultimately responsible for any errors, the production of a voluminous project such as FICS is not a one-man show. Scheutjens, who died in a road accident.

Several parts of chapter 5 have been inspired by him. Some team members have contributed very substantially to certain chapters; their names are mentioned on the title page. They have also carefully read, and commented on other chapters. In addition I want to acknowledge my appreciation to Prof.

Bijsterbosch chapters 2 and 3 , Dr. Cohen Stuart chapter 2 , Dr. Overbeek chapters 3 and 4 , and Prof. Vincent chapters 1, 2 and 3. I am particularly indebted to master spy Dr. Other co-workers and students from the Department of Physical and Colloid Chemistry of the Wageningen Agricultural University have also greatly contributed, sometimes by considering parts of the text as study clubs , in other cases by reading entire chapters or parts of them. Of them I acknowledge Dr. Koopal chapters 1 and 3 , Dr.

Leermakers chapter 2 , Dr. Besseling chapter 1 , Dr. Buijs chapter 1 , Mr. Hulnink sec. Minor for his expert help with chapter 4.

Outside the department I have also relied on people to check parts of chapters. They include Dr. Fokkink chapter 1 and parts of chapter 3 , Dr. Niemantsverdriet parts of chapter 1 , Prof. Findenegg chapter 2 , Dr. Breeuwsma parts of chapter 3 , Prof. Dukhin, Prof.

Anderson and Dr. Preparation of the lay out and the typing were in the dedicated and capable hands of Mrs. Josie Zeevat, with incidental help of Mrs.

Yvonne Toussaint and administrative assistance of Mr. For the artwork I am again indebted to Mr. In this first chapter of Volume II we address the least complex interfacial system, the solid-gas interface. As the emphasis of Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science is on liquid systems, the present topic is not one of direct interest.

However, the indirect relevance is considerable. Some of the reasons for this are:. Various phenomena observed with the latter systems are also met in the former ones, but in a quantitatively more accessible way:. These three points more or less define the tasks set for the present chapter.

Supramolecular perspectives in colloid science

Published by Academic Press Seller: Anybook Ltd. Seller Rating:. Used hardcover Condition: Good. From United Kingdom to U. Volume 4. This book has hardback covers.

The emphasis is on the basic facts and phenomena, which are systematically explained. FICS aims to make interface and colloid science accessible to a wide audience. Interface and colloid science is an important and fascinating field, but one that is often overlooked and undervalued. It has applications as diverse as agriculture, mineral dressing, oil recovery, industrial chemistry, medical science and biotechnology. A deductive approach is followed, with systems of growing complexity being treated as the book progresses.

Volume IV covers preparation, characterization of colloids, stability and interaction between pairs of particles, and in concentrated systems, their rheology and dynamics. This volume contains two chapters written, or co-authored by J. Lyklema and edited contributions by A. Philipse, H. Minor, A. Vrij, R. Tuinier and T.

Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science, Volume IV

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The fundamentals of interface and colloid science can be applied fruitfully to understand the various properties of emulsions and to predict the.

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